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Fernando Garcia Naharro, “Science Hanging from Tree: Official Image of Science under Franco”
April 22, 2015 @ 12:10 pm - 1:30 pm
Lunch provided. Please RSVP if you plan to attend.
Abstract: The Franco regime (Dictatorship regime from 1939 to 1975) had a highly distinctive vision of what “science” should be, in sharp contrast to the views of the former Second Spanish Republican regime (the democratic regime from 1931 to 1939, surrendered after the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)). In the first part of the talk I examine the image of science, the official vision of what “science” should be during Franco. Focusing on the first two decades of the dictatorship and working with the reports from the Spanish National Research Council I intend to explore official discourses from the point of view of the role played by them in the design of the new scientific policy and on the configuration of the “new values”, those that were inspired by the ideology of the National Movement and the Catholic tradition and used as guides for establishing proper scientific knowledge.
What did they say about knowledge, the knower and the known? Which were the places for science and the scientists? What were the functions of science publications? In the second part, I intend to put this in relation to the main object of my thesis project, the science publishing. My dissertation deals with the interactions between History of Science and History of the book and how they can complement and reinforce one another. So I argue that most of the questions above can be embodied in, and can be understood through, the centrally authorized scientific publications produced under the regime and the complex set of elements that contributed to the conformation of different spaces for the Expert and the Laity analyzed through the publications in the Spanish publishing field.
Fernando García Naharro is a Ph.D. Student in the Department of Contemporary History at the Complutense University of Madrid (Spain). He holds a MA. in Contemporary History and a M.A. in Social and Cultural Analysis of Communication and Knowledge (Complutense University of Madrid). His main research interests include history of the book and media, historical anthropology of reading, science publishing; social epistemology, semiotics and cultural history. His dissertation, “Science publishing during Franco´s dictatorship (1939-1975)” analyzes how texts circulate in the publishing field, where texts relate to other objects and players, different agents or organizations that perform different roles in the production, sale and distribution of science publications in Spain during those years. A chapter based on this project is in Martínez Martín, Jesús: Historia de la edición en España (1939-1975), Madrid, Marcial Pons, 2015.