Tag Archives: open access

An Open Digital Global South, May 25-26, 2017

An Open Digital Global South: Risks and Rewards

UC Davis Law School, Room 1001

May 25-26, 2017

The event is open to the public. Please register here.

Please note that this event has concluded. Conference video is available in our “Past Events” section

Join the conversation on Twitter at #OpenGlobalSouth, and join us live online during the event at https://livestream.com/UCDavis/OpenDigitalSouth2017.

This conference explores the promises and risks of openness in scholarship in relationship to the Global South. Research and scholarship are increasingly adopting ‘open’ models of practice and sharing, as open access publications, open data, and open source software. This openness supports improved research reusability, reproducibility, and visibility. Scholarly ‘openness’ is intended to facilitate the free flow of information, to address barriers to equitable access, and to foster global intellectual conversations. Do attempts at promoting openness in scholarship create new forms of exclusion or hierarchy in various regions of the world? How are Southern scholars and publishers’ experiences with open access and open data taken into account within conversations on developing standards and models for ‘open’ scholarship in the Global North? Are there unanticipated opportunities or risks created through the implementation of models for open data, open software, or open access to research?

Read more about our speakers here.


9:00-9:30 || Registration, Breakfast

9:30-10:00 || Welcoming Remarks by Dean Elizabeth Spiller & MacKenzie Smith

10:00-11:00 || Keynote

Kavita Phillip, UC Irvine, History, ““A dose of rum and a few rupees”: Revisiting the Romance of the Commons”

11:00-12:30 || Situating Open Access in the Global South

Open Access can and has been approached and implemented in many ways to serve its diverse constituencies. Similarly, participation in Open Access scholarship takes many forms, whether in readers’ use, re-use, and engagement, or in authors’ publication and sharing. How are multiple models of OA being considered to reflect the different needs of open access’ participants, particularly in the global south? When and how do open policies and practices improve global participation in both the production and consumption of open scholarship? How, for instance, does the adoption of APC-funded open access affect authors around the globe?

  • Chair: Michael Wolfe (UC Davis, Library)
  • Laura Czerniewicz (University of Cape Town, Centre for Innovation in Learning and Teaching)
  • Arianna Becerril (Redalyc, Autonomous University of the State of Mexico) “A Non-Commercial, Cooperative and Sustainable Open Access Model in Latin America”
  • Conrad Omonhinmin (Covenant University, Biological Sciences) “Situating Open Access in the Global South:  A Nigerian University Perspective”
  • Solange Santos (SciELO/FAPESP) “SciELO Network: Combining internationalization and priorities of nationally published journals”
  • Jingfeng Xia (East Stroudsberg University, Library)

12:30-1:30 || Lunch

1:30-3:00 || What is Predatory Publishing? Questioning the Critique of Open Access Journals

To critics of OA journals whose APC-based business model are seen as evidence of dubious publishing ethics, the Global South provides something of a “perfect storm,” a scenario in which unscrupulous publishers prey on practitioners likely to be enticed by the low APC charged by these OA journals or the lack of rigorous peer review. Casting the Global South as the perfect prey is, we believe, part of a broader trend within the discourse of global OA publishing. As activists, watchdogs, and research integrity experts take the central stage of OA debates, there has been increasing use of predator-prey language, and of moralizing critiques of current publishing scenarios. To some extent, this powerful rhetoric has foreclosed empirical questions about academic and publishing markets, and about past, ongoing, and novel North-South hierarchies that these markets derive from and now sustain. This panel wants to replace moralizing narratives with evidence-based discussions into the realities of so-called “predatory journals,” ask how predatory these journals really are, who exactly are their prey and beneficiaries and, more broadly, what the future of OA publishing in the Global South could and should be.

  • Chair: Mario Biagioli (UC Davis, Law, Science & Technology Studies)
  • Trish Groves (BMJ, Editor-in-Chief) “What authors really need from journals”
  • Kishore Vattikoti (Vattikoti Legal, India & OMICS International) “Open Access Publishing is ‘No-more Predatory’: A Step to Golden Era of Research”
  • Jingfeng Xia (East Stroudsberg University, Library) “‘Predatory’ Journal Publishing in the Global South”
  • Matthew Hodgkinson (Hindawi, Head of Research Integrity) “Integrity in Open Access journal publishing”

3:00-3:15 || Break

3:15-4:45 || Global Researchers on OA Experience

Researchers experience the limitations and possibilities of open research practices on a day-to-day basis. In California, in particular, our research community reflects the global nature of scholarship, with many researchers hailing from the Global South. The diversity of experiences, perspectives, and knowledges enriches the university through expanding possibilities for innovation and research. How have international scholars’ open practices been shaped by working and studying at institutions in the Global North?  This panel will serve as a conversation between local researchers on their experiences with open practices and how these are inflected or informed by their work in both the Global South and North.

  • Chair: Alexandra Lippman (UC Davis, Innovating Communication in Scholarship)
  • Carlos Andrés Barragan (UC Davis, Science & Technology Studies) “Between Global and National Genetics: Thinking about Openness and Ancestry, Representation and Systems of Power”
  • Luis Felipe Murillo (CNAM/LISE, Anthropology) “Openness as a Problem, Object, and Project for an Alternative Digital Politics”
  • Noopur Raval (UC Irvine, Informatics) “Teaching, Critiquing and Participating – Intersectionality in Open Scholarship”
  • Jie Zheng (UC Davis, Medicine)

5:00|| Reception


9:15-9:45 || Breakfast

9:45-10:45 || Keynote

Ruth Okediji (University of Minnesota, Law) “The Genealogy of Knowledge: Constructing the Public Domain for New Intellectual Property Assets”

10:45-11:00 || Break

11:00-12:30 || Risks and Opportunities in Digital Openness Beyond the Journal, Part 1: Open Objects and Digital Things

Technological innovations have made it much easier and cheaper to convert real world entities into digital representations (e.g., 3D scans, genome sequencing, etc). This digitalization, and the ease of sharing that information has revolutionized the study and exploitation of these objects.  One use of this data is that it allows people to synthesize these entities from the data (e.g., 3D printing, synthetic biology). Such synthesis comes with both benefits (e.g., rapid and cheap dissemination) and risks (e.g., biopiracy, inaccurate representation of the original objects). This panel asks about these risks and benefits in relation to the Global South.

  • Chair: Alexandra Lippman (UC Davis, Innovating Communication in Scholarship)
  • Margo Bagley (Emory University School of Law) “De-Materializing Genetic Material:  Synthetic Biology and the ABS Bypass”
  • Aaron Fox (Columbia University, Music) “Ways of Hearing: Decolonizing the Ethnomusicological Archive”
  • Maurizio Forte (Duke University, Classical Studies Art, Art History, and Visual Studies) “Massive 3D Data and Beyond: a Digital Revolution in Cultural Heritage”

12:30-1:30 || Lunch

1:30-3:00 || Risks and Opportunities in Digital Openness Beyond the Journal, Part 2:  Open Digital Information

While open data offers scholars serious benefits such as transparency, sharing and pooling of knowledge, there are some risks involved, some well appreciated, some less so. The best example comes from medical research, where extensive protocols are in place (though not always used) for protecting privacy of data.  Less appreciated are risks in other areas. For example, poachers of animals and plants utilize scientific publications to find and capture newly discovered or rare species. Similarly, archaeological information can be used by looters.  This panel explores issues which blanket policies on openness do not address and considers how policies on openness could learn from fields such as anthropology and medicine which have experience protecting privacy. What role do/should journals play in the “hiding” of such information? How have different disciplines developed tools and practices to deal with issues of privacy, confidentiality, and sharing information? How do the practices for protecting information affect research and knowledge sharing?

  • Chair: MacKenzie Smith (UC Davis, Library)
  • James Leach (CNRS & The University of Western Australia, Anthropology) “Balancing Openness in Cultural Documentation: A Melanesian approach to the value of knowledge”
  • Kim Fortun (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Science and Technology Studies), “Data Governance By Design:Challenges in Building Research Infrastructure”
  • Pranesh Prakash (Centre for Internet and Society & Information Society Project at Yale Law School) “The Known Unknowns: What We Don’t Know About Mitigating the Harms of Openness.”

Worth a Read: Open Access and the transformation of academic publishing

This short piece by Brad Weiss provides a reflection on Cultural Anthropology’s transition to open access publishing and a thoughtful discussion of the questions which drove this decision and the subsequent questions which exiting from Wiley-Blackwell has raised.

After the American Anthropological Association began publishing its journals through Wiley-Blackwell in 2004, critics from the Society for Cultural Anthropology wondered:

why should academics give the products of their scholarly labor—in the form of both their articles and their work as reviewers—to a for-profit press that generates its revenue by selling those products back to our home institutions in the form of (rather expensive) library subscriptions?

This question sparked the beginning of a journey towards open access. Read the rest of the story here:

Open access and the transformation of academic publishing: A view from Cultural Anthropology

David Novak “The Dubbing of a New Era: Audiocassettes, Open Access & the Dissonances of Digital Democracy”

Please join us for a talk by David Novak, Associate Professor of Music at the University of California, Santa Barbara
Thursday, May 26, 2016 12-1:30pm, Social Science and Humanities, Room 1246
Lunch will be served. RSVP here
David Novak is Associate Professor of Music at the University of California, Santa Barbara, with affiliations in Anthropology, Film and Media Studies, and East Asian Languages and Cultural Studies. His work deals with the globalization of popular music, remediation, protest culture, and social practices of listening. He is the author of the award-winning Japanoise: Music at the Edge of Circulation (2013) and the co-editor of Keywords in Sound (2015), as well as recent essays and sound recordings in Public Culture, Cultural Anthropology, Popular Music, Sensory Studies, and The Wire. He is the founder of the Music and Sound Interest Group in the American Anthropological Association, and co-director of the Center for the Interdisciplinary Study of Music.

Co-Sponsored by:
Science and Technology Studies
Innovating Communication in Scholarship
The Center for Science and Innovation Studies

Notes from “Advancing Research Communication & Scholarship”


I’m currently at the Advancing Research Communication & Scholarship conference. Hackathon, presentations on open data,  open access, and alt metrics. You can follow what’s happening via Twitter at #arcs2015. I’ll add some notes from the conference soon and am excited to present on “Beyond Open: Global Perspective on Research Communication and Knowledge Production.” The panel’s chaired by Brian Rosenblum (University of Kansas Libraries) and I am joining Jane Anderson (NYU) Mónica I. Feliú-Mójer, (Ciencia Puerto Rico and iBiology) and John Willinsky (Stanford). Below is the description:

Current scholarly communication initiatives are focused on expanding access, use, and reuse. This session will explore the relationship between these issues and the needs and goals of the developing world and marginalized communities.  We will consider how new models and expectations affect and address knowledge distribution structures in the developing world, and the control local research communities have over their own legacies and outputs.

Continue reading Notes from “Advancing Research Communication & Scholarship”

The Conversation on China’s embracing #openaccess for Science but not the Humanities

Well, this is very interesting and exactly the type of topic that fits in well with our ICIS project:

Humanities left behind as China embraces open access science.

The article reports on how China as a whole is pushing open access in the sciences but how the humanities in China are pretty much the opposite. The writer Michael Hockx suggests that a big revolution could happen if China embraced green open access in the humanities. Really interesting points here.

Interested in #OpenAccess publishing?: definitely take a look at this working paper from CREATe

Well, this is certainly the most comprehensive treatise I have ever seen on Open Access publishing: Open Access Publishing: A Literature Review | CREATe.  It was written by “Giancarlo Frosio under the supervision of Estelle Derclaye (2014)” and

comes from the Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy (CREATe).  It is VERY comprehensive and has discussion, review, and comments on just about every issue associated with Open Access publishing that one could think of. I do not know if there is any particular “angle” to the writings here.  What I looked at (not all of the document) seemed to be a relatively objective assessment of various OA issues.  Anyway, it is definitely worth a look for anyone interested in scholarly publishing or Open Access publishing or related issues.

Wanted – low cost system for publishing an #OpenAccess journal

Well, I figure, if I am going to write blog posts about academic publishing, why not post them here, rather than at my “normal” blog.  One area of great interest to many in academic publishing is in how one can publish a new journal at low cost  – and yet have the journal be Open Access.  Although there is a lot of chatter about this topic, I figured I would use social media to get some additional ideas in this area.  So I posted a request to Twitter yesterday about this and have gotten a decent diversity of responses.  I have created a Storify summary of these responses. Any other ideas or suggestions would be welcome.