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#OpenGlobalSouth Slides and Video

An Open Digital Global South: Risks and Rewards

UC Davis Law School, Room 1001

May 25-26, 2017

Click here to watch the conference recordings.

DAY 1: FRAMING SCIENTIFIC OPENNESS & PUBLISHING

9:30-10:00 || Welcoming Remarks by Dean Elizabeth Spiller & MacKenzie Smith — video

10:00-11:00 || Keynote — video

Kavita Phillip, UC Irvine, History, ““A dose of rum and a few rupees”: Revisiting the Romance of the Commons”

11:00-12:30 || Situating Open Access in the Global South — video

Open Access can and has been approached and implemented in many ways to serve its diverse constituencies. Similarly, participation in Open Access scholarship takes many forms, whether in readers’ use, re-use, and engagement, or in authors’ publication and sharing. How are multiple models of OA being considered to reflect the different needs of open access’ participants, particularly in the global south? When and how do open policies and practices improve global participation in both the production and consumption of open scholarship? How, for instance, does the adoption of APC-funded open access affect authors around the globe?

  • Chair: Michael Wolfe (UC Davis, Library)
  • Laura Czerniewicz (University of Cape Town, Centre for Innovation in Learning and Teaching)
  • Arianna Becerril (Redalyc, Autonomous University of the State of Mexico) “A Non-Commercial, Cooperative and Sustainable Open Access Model in Latin America”
  • Conrad Omonhinmin (Covenant University, Biological Sciences) “Situating Open Access in the Global South:  A Nigerian University Perspective” SLIDES
  • Solange Santos (SciELO/FAPESP) “SciELO Network: Combining internationalization and priorities of nationally published journals” SLIDES
  • Jingfeng Xia (East Stroudsberg University, Library) SLIDES

1:30-3:00 || What is Predatory Publishing? Questioning the Critique of Open Access Journals — video

To critics of OA journals whose APC-based business model are seen as evidence of dubious publishing ethics, the Global South provides something of a “perfect storm,” a scenario in which unscrupulous publishers prey on practitioners likely to be enticed by the low APC charged by these OA journals or the lack of rigorous peer review. Casting the Global South as the perfect prey is, we believe, part of a broader trend within the discourse of global OA publishing. As activists, watchdogs, and research integrity experts take the central stage of OA debates, there has been increasing use of predator-prey language, and of moralizing critiques of current publishing scenarios. To some extent, this powerful rhetoric has foreclosed empirical questions about academic and publishing markets, and about past, ongoing, and novel North-South hierarchies that these markets derive from and now sustain. This panel wants to replace moralizing narratives with evidence-based discussions into the realities of so-called “predatory journals,” ask how predatory these journals really are, who exactly are their prey and beneficiaries and, more broadly, what the future of OA publishing in the Global South could and should be.

  • Chair: Mario Biagioli (UC Davis, Law, Science & Technology Studies)
  • Trish Groves (BMJ, Editor-in-Chief) “What authors really need from journals”
  • Kishore Vattikoti (Vattikoti Legal, India & OMICS International) “Open Access Publishing is ‘No-more Predatory’: A Step to Golden Era of Research” SLIDES
  • Jingfeng Xia (East Stroudsberg University, Library) “‘Predatory’ Journal Publishing in the Global South” SLIDES
  • Matthew Hodgkinson (Hindawi, Head of Research Integrity) “Integrity in Open Access journal publishing” SLIDES

3:15-4:45 || Global Researchers on OA Experience — video

Researchers experience the limitations and possibilities of open research practices on a day-to-day basis. In California, in particular, our research community reflects the global nature of scholarship, with many researchers hailing from the Global South. The diversity of experiences, perspectives, and knowledges enriches the university through expanding possibilities for innovation and research. How have international scholars’ open practices been shaped by working and studying at institutions in the Global North?  This panel will serve as a conversation between local researchers on their experiences with open practices and how these are inflected or informed by their work in both the Global South and North.

  • Chair: Alexandra Lippman (UC Davis, Innovating Communication in Scholarship)
  • Carlos Andrés Barragan (UC Davis, Science & Technology Studies) “Between Global and National Genetics: Thinking about Openness and Ancestry, Representation and Systems of Power”
  • Luis Felipe Murillo (CNAM/LISE, Anthropology) “Openness as a Problem, Object, and Project for an Alternative Digital Politics”
  • Noopur Raval (UC Irvine, Informatics) “Teaching, Critiquing and Participating – Intersectionality in Open Scholarship”
  • Jie Zheng (UC Davis, Medicine)

DAY 2: DATA, METADATA, & THINGS

9:45-10:45 || Keynote — video

Ruth Okediji (University of Minnesota, Law) “The Genealogy of Knowledge: Constructing the Public Domain for New Intellectual Property Assets”

11:00-12:30 || Risks and Opportunities in Digital Openness Beyond the Journal, Part 1: Open Objects and Digital Things — video

Technological innovations have made it much easier and cheaper to convert real world entities into digital representations (e.g., 3D scans, genome sequencing, etc). This digitalization, and the ease of sharing that information has revolutionized the study and exploitation of these objects.  One use of this data is that it allows people to synthesize these entities from the data (e.g., 3D printing, synthetic biology). Such synthesis comes with both benefits (e.g., rapid and cheap dissemination) and risks (e.g., biopiracy, inaccurate representation of the original objects). This panel asks about these risks and benefits in relation to the Global South.

  • Chair: Alexandra Lippman (UC Davis, Innovating Communication in Scholarship)
  • Margo Bagley (Emory University School of Law) “De-Materializing Genetic Material:  Synthetic Biology and the ABS Bypass” SLIDES
  • Aaron Fox (Columbia University, Music) “Ways of Hearing: Decolonizing the Ethnomusicological Archive” SLIDES
  • Maurizio Forte (Duke University, Classical Studies Art, Art History, and Visual Studies) “Massive 3D Data and Beyond: a Digital Revolution in Cultural Heritage” SLIDES

1:30-3:00 || Risks and Opportunities in Digital Openness Beyond the Journal, Part 2:  Open Digital Information — video

While open data offers scholars serious benefits such as transparency, sharing and pooling of knowledge, there are some risks involved, some well appreciated, some less so. The best example comes from medical research, where extensive protocols are in place (though not always used) for protecting privacy of data.  Less appreciated are risks in other areas. For example, poachers of animals and plants utilize scientific publications to find and capture newly discovered or rare species. Similarly, archaeological information can be used by looters.  This panel explores issues which blanket policies on openness do not address and considers how policies on openness could learn from fields such as anthropology and medicine which have experience protecting privacy. What role do/should journals play in the “hiding” of such information? How have different disciplines developed tools and practices to deal with issues of privacy, confidentiality, and sharing information? How do the practices for protecting information affect research and knowledge sharing?

  • Chair: MacKenzie Smith (UC Davis, Library)
  • James Leach (CNRS & The University of Western Australia, Anthropology) “Balancing Openness in Cultural Documentation: A Melanesian approach to the value of knowledge” SLIDES
  • Kim Fortun (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Science and Technology Studies), “Data Governance By Design:Challenges in Building Research Infrastructure” SLIDES
  • Pranesh Prakash (Centre for Internet and Society & Information Society Project at Yale Law School) “The Known Unknowns: What We Don’t Know About Mitigating the Harms of Openness”

 

An Open Digital Global South, May 25-26, 2017

An Open Digital Global South: Risks and Rewards

UC Davis Law School, Room 1001

May 25-26, 2017

The event is open to the public. Please register here.

Join the conversation on Twitter at #OpenGlobalSouth, and join us live online during the event at https://livestream.com/UCDavis/OpenDigitalSouth2017.

This conference explores the promises and risks of openness in scholarship in relationship to the Global South. Research and scholarship are increasingly adopting ‘open’ models of practice and sharing, as open access publications, open data, and open source software. This openness supports improved research reusability, reproducibility, and visibility. Scholarly ‘openness’ is intended to facilitate the free flow of information, to address barriers to equitable access, and to foster global intellectual conversations. Do attempts at promoting openness in scholarship create new forms of exclusion or hierarchy in various regions of the world? How are Southern scholars and publishers’ experiences with open access and open data taken into account within conversations on developing standards and models for ‘open’ scholarship in the Global North? Are there unanticipated opportunities or risks created through the implementation of models for open data, open software, or open access to research?

Read more about our speakers here.

DAY 1: FRAMING SCIENTIFIC OPENNESS & PUBLISHING

9:00-9:30 || Registration, Breakfast

9:30-10:00 || Welcoming Remarks by Dean Elizabeth Spiller & MacKenzie Smith

10:00-11:00 || Keynote

Kavita Phillip, UC Irvine, History, ““A dose of rum and a few rupees”: Revisiting the Romance of the Commons”

11:00-12:30 || Situating Open Access in the Global South

Open Access can and has been approached and implemented in many ways to serve its diverse constituencies. Similarly, participation in Open Access scholarship takes many forms, whether in readers’ use, re-use, and engagement, or in authors’ publication and sharing. How are multiple models of OA being considered to reflect the different needs of open access’ participants, particularly in the global south? When and how do open policies and practices improve global participation in both the production and consumption of open scholarship? How, for instance, does the adoption of APC-funded open access affect authors around the globe?

  • Chair: Michael Wolfe (UC Davis, Library)
  • Laura Czerniewicz (University of Cape Town, Centre for Innovation in Learning and Teaching)
  • Arianna Becerril (Redalyc, Autonomous University of the State of Mexico) “A Non-Commercial, Cooperative and Sustainable Open Access Model in Latin America”
  • Conrad Omonhinmin (Covenant University, Biological Sciences) “Situating Open Access in the Global South:  A Nigerian University Perspective”
  • Solange Santos (SciELO/FAPESP) “SciELO Network: Combining internationalization and priorities of nationally published journals”
  • Jingfeng Xia (East Stroudsberg University, Library)

12:30-1:30 || Lunch

1:30-3:00 || What is Predatory Publishing? Questioning the Critique of Open Access Journals

To critics of OA journals whose APC-based business model are seen as evidence of dubious publishing ethics, the Global South provides something of a “perfect storm,” a scenario in which unscrupulous publishers prey on practitioners likely to be enticed by the low APC charged by these OA journals or the lack of rigorous peer review. Casting the Global South as the perfect prey is, we believe, part of a broader trend within the discourse of global OA publishing. As activists, watchdogs, and research integrity experts take the central stage of OA debates, there has been increasing use of predator-prey language, and of moralizing critiques of current publishing scenarios. To some extent, this powerful rhetoric has foreclosed empirical questions about academic and publishing markets, and about past, ongoing, and novel North-South hierarchies that these markets derive from and now sustain. This panel wants to replace moralizing narratives with evidence-based discussions into the realities of so-called “predatory journals,” ask how predatory these journals really are, who exactly are their prey and beneficiaries and, more broadly, what the future of OA publishing in the Global South could and should be.

  • Chair: Mario Biagioli (UC Davis, Law, Science & Technology Studies)
  • Trish Groves (BMJ, Editor-in-Chief) “What authors really need from journals”
  • Kishore Vattikoti (Vattikoti Legal, India & OMICS International) “Open Access Publishing is ‘No-more Predatory’: A Step to Golden Era of Research”
  • Jingfeng Xia (East Stroudsberg University, Library) “‘Predatory’ Journal Publishing in the Global South”
  • Matthew Hodgkinson (Hindawi, Head of Research Integrity) “Integrity in Open Access journal publishing”

3:00-3:15 || Break

3:15-4:45 || Global Researchers on OA Experience

Researchers experience the limitations and possibilities of open research practices on a day-to-day basis. In California, in particular, our research community reflects the global nature of scholarship, with many researchers hailing from the Global South. The diversity of experiences, perspectives, and knowledges enriches the university through expanding possibilities for innovation and research. How have international scholars’ open practices been shaped by working and studying at institutions in the Global North?  This panel will serve as a conversation between local researchers on their experiences with open practices and how these are inflected or informed by their work in both the Global South and North.

  • Chair: Alexandra Lippman (UC Davis, Innovating Communication in Scholarship)
  • Carlos Andrés Barragan (UC Davis, Science & Technology Studies) “Between Global and National Genetics: Thinking about Openness and Ancestry, Representation and Systems of Power”
  • Luis Felipe Murillo (CNAM/LISE, Anthropology) “Openness as a Problem, Object, and Project for an Alternative Digital Politics”
  • Noopur Raval (UC Irvine, Informatics) “Teaching, Critiquing and Participating – Intersectionality in Open Scholarship”
  • Jie Zheng (UC Davis, Medicine)

5:00|| Reception

DAY 2: DATA, METADATA, & THINGS

9:15-9:45 || Breakfast

9:45-10:45 || Keynote

Ruth Okediji (University of Minnesota, Law) “The Genealogy of Knowledge: Constructing the Public Domain for New Intellectual Property Assets”

10:45-11:00 || Break

11:00-12:30 || Risks and Opportunities in Digital Openness Beyond the Journal, Part 1: Open Objects and Digital Things

Technological innovations have made it much easier and cheaper to convert real world entities into digital representations (e.g., 3D scans, genome sequencing, etc). This digitalization, and the ease of sharing that information has revolutionized the study and exploitation of these objects.  One use of this data is that it allows people to synthesize these entities from the data (e.g., 3D printing, synthetic biology). Such synthesis comes with both benefits (e.g., rapid and cheap dissemination) and risks (e.g., biopiracy, inaccurate representation of the original objects). This panel asks about these risks and benefits in relation to the Global South.

  • Chair: Alexandra Lippman (UC Davis, Innovating Communication in Scholarship)
  • Margo Bagley (Emory University School of Law) “De-Materializing Genetic Material:  Synthetic Biology and the ABS Bypass”
  • Aaron Fox (Columbia University, Music) “Ways of Hearing: Decolonizing the Ethnomusicological Archive”
  • Maurizio Forte (Duke University, Classical Studies Art, Art History, and Visual Studies) “Massive 3D Data and Beyond: a Digital Revolution in Cultural Heritage”

12:30-1:30 || Lunch

1:30-3:00 || Risks and Opportunities in Digital Openness Beyond the Journal, Part 2:  Open Digital Information

While open data offers scholars serious benefits such as transparency, sharing and pooling of knowledge, there are some risks involved, some well appreciated, some less so. The best example comes from medical research, where extensive protocols are in place (though not always used) for protecting privacy of data.  Less appreciated are risks in other areas. For example, poachers of animals and plants utilize scientific publications to find and capture newly discovered or rare species. Similarly, archaeological information can be used by looters.  This panel explores issues which blanket policies on openness do not address and considers how policies on openness could learn from fields such as anthropology and medicine which have experience protecting privacy. What role do/should journals play in the “hiding” of such information? How have different disciplines developed tools and practices to deal with issues of privacy, confidentiality, and sharing information? How do the practices for protecting information affect research and knowledge sharing?

  • Chair: MacKenzie Smith (UC Davis, Library)
  • James Leach (CNRS & The University of Western Australia, Anthropology) “Balancing Openness in Cultural Documentation: A Melanesian approach to the value of knowledge”
  • Kim Fortun (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Science and Technology Studies), “Data Governance By Design:Challenges in Building Research Infrastructure”
  • Pranesh Prakash (Centre for Internet and Society & Information Society Project at Yale Law School) “The Known Unknowns: What We Don’t Know About Mitigating the Harms of Openness.”

Data-Driven Interactive Scientific Articles in a Collaborative Environment With Authorea

Monday, January 23, 2017
12:00NOON – 1:30P.M.
UC Davis, Shields Library,
Data Science Initiative space, 3rd Floor

Lunch served. RSVP here.

Most tools that scientists use for the preparation of scholarly manuscripts, such as Overleaf and ShareLaTex, function offline and do not account for the born-digital nature of research objects. Authorea allows scientists to collaboratively write rich data-driven manuscripts on the web that offers readers a dynamic, interactive experience with an article’s full text, images, interactive figures, data, and code. In this talk, I will show you how Authorea differs from Overleaf and ShareLatex and how we are bringing scientific writing into the 21st century. Please bring your laptop as attendees will be included in the demo (not mandatory but suggested).

Alberto Pepe is the co-founder of Authorea. He recently finished a Postdoctorate in Astrophysics at Harvard University. During his postdoctorate, Alberto was also a fellow of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society and the Institute for Quantitative Social Science. Alberto is the author of 30 publications in the fields of Information Science, Data Science, Computational Social Science, and Astrophysics. He obtained his Ph.D. in Information Science from the University of California, Los Angeles with a dissertation on scientific collaboration networks which was awarded with the Best Dissertation Award by the American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T). Prior to starting his Ph.D., Alberto worked in the Information Technology Department of CERN, in Geneva, Switzerland, where he worked on data repository software and also promoted Open Access among particle physicists. Alberto holds a M.Sc. in Computer Science and a B.Sc. in Astrophysics, both from University College London, U.K. Alberto was born and raised in the wine-making town of Manduria, in Puglia.

Authorship and the Promises of Digital Dissemination

authorship_2016-03-09AUTHORSHIP AND THE PROMISES OF DIGITAL DISSEMINATION
March 9, 4:00- 5:45 pm
UC Davis School of Law, King Hall, Rm 2100A

A cross-disciplinary panel discussion on authorship in the digital age, with a focus on the specific goals and needs of academic authors. Authors who write to be read care about how their works are published and what that means for reader access. While traditional options and copyright arrangements still predominate in many fields, there are ever-increasing ways to share works of authorship. What works best to get textual and visual works out there and under what circumstances? Join us for this panel discussion with Authors Alliance, where we will explore the opportunities and challenges authors face in maximizing the reach of their work, both in and outside of academia.

Participants:
Mario Biagioli (Law, STS)
Stephanie Boluk (English)
Jonathan Eisen (Biology)
Alexandra Lippman (STS)
Rick Prelinger (UCSC and director of the Prelinger Archive)
Kim Stanley Robinson (Mars Trilogy)
Pam Samuelson (Authors Alliance)
MacKenzie Smith (Library)
Madhavi Sunder (Law)
Michael Wolfe (Authors Alliance)

Co-Sponsors:
Davis Humanities Institute
Institute for the Social Sciences
Authors Alliance
Center for Science and Innovation Studies
Innovating Communication in Scholarship Project
UC Davis School of Law

Join the ICIS Announcements Listserv!

New ICIS-sponsored events are on their way for the upcoming year! Details about these events will be announced through our mailing list which you can join in one of two ways:


1. If you have a UC Davis email account, please go to https://lists.ucdavis.edu/sympa/info/icis to subscribe. OR


2. If you do not have a UC Davis email account, then please send an email to afelfanti@ucdavis.edu, alippman@ucdavis.edu, or aefish@ucdavis.edu and we will add you by hand.


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The UC Open Access Policy & what it means for you (UC Davis Library 10/22)

WED. OCTOBER 22nd from 1:30-3PM

Panel organized by the Library at UC Davis

The UC Open Access Policy (http://osc.universityofcalifornia.edu/open-access-policy/ or http://uc-oa.info) was passed by the UC Academic Senate on July 24, 2013, and is going into effect for all UC campuses, including UC Davis, on November 1, 2014. The policy grants UC faculty the right to make their articles freely available to the public by depositing a pre-publication copy in an open access repository. What does this policy mean for faculty at UC Davis?

Come to this talk by Catherine Mitchell of the California Digital Library (CDL), who will describe the tools and services that CDL is developing to support the policy, and Dr. Robert Powell of Chemical Engineering, who will give background on the policy and its passage through the UC Senate.  Afterwards a Q&A panel will be held with the speakers, UC Davis librarians and open access researchers to answer questions and discuss the implications of the policy and open access.

This talk is being held during Open Access Week 2014, an annual international event to raise awareness about open access issues.

  • Catherine Mitchell and Dr. Robert Powell on the UC OA policy: talk and discussion
  • Wednesday, October 22, 2014
  • Shields Library, Nelle Branch Room, 2nd floor (at the far end of the main reading room)
  • 1:30-3:00pm

Questions? Contact Phoebe Ayers, psayers@ucdavis.edu